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Military Personals Should Be Vaccinated Against Hepatitis B Infection

Alavian, Seyed Moayed (2014) Military Personals Should Be Vaccinated Against Hepatitis B Infection. Journal of Archives in Military Medicine, 2 (1). ISSN 2345-5071

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Abstract

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global health problem associated with a diverse range of human liver disorders, from chronic hepatitis to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (1, 2). The infection has a worldwide distribution and it is more common in underdeveloped areas of the world (3). It is estimated that about 30% of the world’s population, i.e. about 2 billion people, have serological evidence of infection with HBV (4) and approximately 350 to 400 million of them are chronically infected with HBV. The WHO has estimated that hepatitis B results in one to two million deaths every year worldwide. The prevalence of HBV infection varies depending on geographical areas (5). Currently, Iran has intermediate to low endemicity for HBV infection (6-8). HBV can be transmitted either prenatally or horizontally (9). Most HBV infected patients have acquired the infection from their infected mothers as vertical transmission or during childhood and most of them are not aware of their infection (10). Worldwide, there is a close relationship between the endemic frequency and the route of transmission of HBV infection (11). Horizontal transmission includes contact with infectious blood, bodily fluids or unsterile needles and unprotected sex (12).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Public Health Education WA.18
Depositing User: ePrint Admin Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2016 11:54
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2016 11:54
URI: http://eprints.ajaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3602

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