Workplace Health and SafetyVolume 61, Issue 5, May 2013, Pages 213-220

Combined effect of cigarette smoking and occupational exposures on lung function: A cross-sectional study of rubber industry workers(Article)

  • aOccupational Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • bOccupational Medicine Department, School of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • cPetroleum Industry Health Organization, Tehran, Iran
  • dOccupational Medicine Clinic, Hazrat Rassoul Akram Hospital, Niayesh Street-Sattarkhan Avenue, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Workers in the rubber industry are exposed to pulmonary health hazards. The main purpose of this study was to assess the combined effect of cigarette smoking and occupational exposures on lung function. The exposed group consisted of tire manufacturing workers in production units and the non-exposed group included executives from the same factory. The researchers calculated the synergy index (SI) to determine the combined effect of exposures to cigarette smoke and pulmonary health hazards on lung function. A significant correlation was found between occupational exposures in the rubber industry and abnormal spirometric findings (p < .05). The synergistic effect of cigarette smoking and occupational exposures on lung function was significant (SI = 2.25; p < .05). This study demonstrated that occupational exposures and smoking may have a synergistic effect on the respiratory systems of tire manufacturing workers. The results suggest that tire manufacturing companies should consider establishing spirometric surveillance systems in their factories. Also, smoking cessation should be promoted, engineering controls applied, and respiratory protection provided to workers. Copyright © 2013 American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, Inc.

Indexed keywords

EMTREE drug terms:rubber
EMTREE medical terms:adultarticlechemical industrycross-sectional studydangerous goodsdustenvironmental monitoringhumanIranlunglung diseaselung function testmaleoccupational exposurepathophysiologysmokingspirometryutilization review
MeSH:AdultChemical IndustryCross-Sectional StudiesDustEnvironmental MonitoringHazardous SubstancesHumansIranLungLung DiseasesMaleOccupational ExposureRespiratory Function TestsRubberSmokingSpirometry

Chemicals and CAS Registry Numbers:

rubber, 9006-04-6;

Dust; Hazardous Substances; Rubber, 9006-04-6

  • ISSN: 21650799
  • Source Type: Journal
  • Original language: English
  • DOI: 10.3928/21650799-20130418-66
  • PubMed ID: 23650896
  • Document Type: Article

  Mohammadi, S.; Occupational Medicine Clinic, Hazrat Rassoul Akram Hospital, Niayesh Street-Sattarkhan Avenue, Iran; email:[email protected]
© Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved. © MEDLINE® is the source for the MeSH terms of this document.

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