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The long-term effects of hypobaric and hyperbaric conditions on brain hemodynamic: A transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of blood flow velocity of middle cerebral and basilar arteries in pilots and divers

Fereshtehnejad, Fereshtehnejad and Mehrpourc, Masoud and Mahmoodid, Seyed Mohammad Hossein and Poorang, Bassir and Dormanesh, Banafshe and Motamed, Mohammad Reza (2012) The long-term effects of hypobaric and hyperbaric conditions on brain hemodynamic: A transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of blood flow velocity of middle cerebral and basilar arteries in pilots and divers. aja.

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Abstract

Summary Background: Nowadays, more attention is paid to the potential risk factors of cerebrovascular events including some environmental conditions. We aimed to compare the long-term effects of hypobaric condition of pilots versus hyperbaric condition of divers as two possible occupational risk factors on blood flow velocity of middle cerebral and basilar arteries. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in Firoozgar Hospital, Tehran, Iran between March 2009 and June 2010. A final number of 15 pilots and 16 divers were referred to the Neurology Laboratory of Firoozgar Hospital. Afterward, Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was performed to evaluate blood flow velocity of middle cerebral (MCA) and basilar arteries. Results: Comparison of the TCD findings between these two groups showed that resistance index was significantly higher in divers [0.57 (SD = 0.03) vs. 0.52 (SD = 0.06), P = 0.008]. A significant inverse correlation was also found between total working index of the pilots and the mean velocities (r =−0.58, P = 0.027) of right MCA even after eliminating the confounding effect of age.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WX Hospital and other health Facilities
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: ePrint Admin Admin
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2013 07:32
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2013 07:32
URI: http://eprints.ajaums.ac.ir/id/eprint/995

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